Agile Methodology Interview Questions and Answers

Q#1. What is Agile Testing?
 Agile Testing is a practice that a QA follows in a dynamic environment where testing requirements keep changing according to the customer needs. It is done parallel to the development activity where testing team receives frequent small codes from the development team for testing.

Q#2. What is the difference between burn-up and burn-down chart?
Ans. Burn-up and burn-down charts are used to keep track the progress of the project.
Burn-up charts represent how much work has been completed in any project whereas Burn-down chart represents the remaining work in a project.

ETL Testing – data warehouse testing questions and Answers

What is a data warehouse?
A data warehouse is a database which,
1.Maintains history of data
2.Contains Integrated data (data from multiple business lines)
3.Contains Heterogeneous data (data from different source formats)
4.Contains Aggregated data
5.Allows only select to restrict data manipulation
6.Data will be stored in de-normalized 


1. What do you understand by an ETL?
ETL stands for Extract, Transform, and Load. It is an important concept in Data Warehousing systems. Extraction stands for extracting data from different data sources such as transactional systems or applications. Transformation stands for applying the conversion rules on data so that it becomes suitable for analytical reporting. The loading process involves moving the data into the target system, normally a data warehouse.

VB SCRIPT Built-in Functions

1) Asc Function

'Returns ANSI character code corresponding to first letter in a string
Dim val
msgbox val

2) Chr Function

'Returns the character associated with the specified ANSI character code.
Dim val
msgbox val 'Output: A

3) Date Function
It returns current system Date
Dim myDate
msgbox myDate

4) Abs Function
It returns obsolute value of the given number.
Dim num
msgbox num 'Output: 157.56

msgbox num 'Output: 157.56

SQL Interview Questions & Answers

Q. What is SQL?
Structured Query Language, an ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standard language for accessing databases.

Using SQL we can Access Oracle, Sybase, DB2, SQL Server, MySQL, DB/400 and other Database Management Systems

Q. When SQL was appeared?

Structured Query Language was first appeared by IBM in 1974 and it is Free Software(any body can use with free of cost).

Q. Who should learn SQL?

• Database Developers

• Database Testers

• Database Administrators

ETL testing in Business Intelligence (BI) Applications

Importance of Business Intelligence has never been more than today. Data, Big Data, Structured, Unstructured, BI reports, BI Analytics etc are heard so often today…
This blog is focused on testing aspects of ETL(Extract, Transform, Load) part of Business Intelligence (BI) Applications. Lets talk a bit about BI Application first to bring everyone on same page and then we will go into testing strategy. Typically BI Application means building a DataWarehouse, then some DataMarts and finally a Reporting layer which could be Self Service BI (Eg. Microsoft Power BI) or Canned reports (Eg SSRS) or Power Reports. There are several others less common ways like building a UI layer to present data or futuristic ways of building a Windows 8 App as reporting layer. Other important thing to understand about BI systems is they are ‘after the fact’ reporting systems. 


1.     Get duplicate rows from the table:
Select empno, count (*) from EMP group by empno having count (*)>1;
2.     Remove duplicates in the table:
Delete from EMP where rowid not in (select max (rowid) from EMP group by empno);
3.     Below query transpose columns into rows.

Select name, no, add1 from A
Select name, no, add2 from A;


1)   To find the nth row of a table
SQL> Select *from emp where rowid = (select max(rowid) from emp where rownum <= 4);
   SQL> Select *from emp where rownum <= 4 minus select *from emp where rownum <= 3;

2)   To find duplicate rows
SQL> Select *from emp where rowid in (select max(rowid) from emp group by empno,          
         ename, mgr, job, hiredate, comm, deptno, sal);
 SQL> Select empno,ename,sal,job,hiredate,comm , count(*) from emp group by 
         empno,ename,sal,job,hiredate,comm  having count(*) >=1; 

Handling Authentication Window with WebDriver (In Firefox, Chrome and IE)

When you are working in a test environment, Stage or Pre Production, there are cases where you may need to work with applications which are secured with Authentication (Basic Auth).
When ever you enter the URL, it will prompt you to enter the User name and the password and It will not allow to perform any further operations until you provide username and password. And this Authentication pop-up is not a JavaScript pop-up, it is a Browser dialog window which selenium cannot handle simply using sendKeys method which we do for normal JavaScript pop-ups..

Configure parallel execution of tests using TestNG selenium

In testing, it is always important to test application in different browsers. We can perform automation on multiple browsers using selenium and testng. If there are more number of tests that need to be executed in parallel on different browsers also, we can do this using testng. And there is an other challenging task such executing tests in different browser versions and also different Operating systems. This can be achieved with Selenium Grid

How to delete Cookies in Selenium Webdriver

Delete Cookie
Delete Cookie with Name
Delete All Cookies

User can delete a cookie from the browser's "cookie jar". The domain of the cookie will be ignored.
User can delete the named cookie from the current domain. This is equivalent to setting the named cookie's expiry date to sometime in the past.

How to add cookie with Selenium Webdriver

Using webdriver we can easily pass the cookie to the domain. In order to pass cookie, we should use a method named "addCookie(cookie)"
Method Name: addCookie(Cookie cookie)
Purpose: To add a specific cookie into cookies. If the cookie's domain name is left blank, it is assumed that the cookie is meant for the domain of the current document.
Parameters: cookie - The name and value of the cookie to be add.

How to handle javascript alerts, confirmation and prompts?

Generally JavaScript popups are generated by web application and hence they can be easily controlled by the browser.
Webdriver offers the ability to cope with javascript alerts using Alerts API 

Working with Frames in Selenium Webdriver

What is iFrame? An iFrame (Inline Frame) is an HTML document embedded inside the current HTML document on a website. iFrame HTML element is used to insert content from another source, such as an advertisement, into a Web page. A Web designer can change an iFrame's content without making them reload the complete website. A website can have multiple frames on a single page. And a frame can also have inner frames (Frame in side a Frame)

Handle windows popups using Selenium Webdriver

There are many cases, where a application displays multiple windows when you open a website. Those are may be advertisements or may be a kind of information showing on popup windows. We can handle multiple windows using Windows Handlers in selenium webdriver.
Step 1: After opening the website, we need to get the main window handle by using driver.getWindowHandle();
The window handle will be in a form of lengthy alpha numeric
Step 2: We now need to get all the window handles by using driver.getWindowHandles();
Step 3: We will compare all the window handles with the main Window handles and perform the operation the window which we need.

How to run webdriver in IE browser?

To run selenium webdriver in IE browser, we need InternetExplorerDriver which is a standalone server which implements WebDriver's wire protocol.
First of all, download latest version of IEDriver server for webdriver. You can download latest version server from Download InternetExplorerEDriver
Note: Choose the IEdriver server based on your working environment as there are two different zip files for both 32 and 64 bit IE . Recommended 32bit IEDriver which is less prone to errors when compared with 64bit driver.

How to Run Webdriver in chrome browser?

Normally to run webdriver, we just need a browser and a selenium server jar file. Selenium by-default supports Mozilla Firefox browser. Then the next question come to your mind is How to run webdriver in other browsers.
Selenium supports to run webdriver in other browsers by just adding an .exe path of the driver server for the individual browsers.
Now to run selenium webdriver in Chrome browser, we need to take the help of ChromeDriver which is a separate executable that selenium webdriver uses to control chrome. ChromeDriver is supported by the Chromium team, ChromeDriver is a standalone server which implements WebDriver's wire protocol for Chromium.

Basic HTML concepts required for Selenium

What is HTML?
As you know HTML Hyper Text Markup Language used for describing web pages. Each tag represents a document content. HTML contains tags with angle brackets like and plain text. There are two tags one is start tag and second tag is end tag. Every tag should end with a forward slash before the tag name.

What is Selenium?

Selenium is a web Automation tool which can used to perform testing ONLY on Web Applications not Desktop based applications.

There are others tool which can be used to automate both web applications and windows applications like QTP (Quick Test Professional) . As every one aware that QTP is Licensed Tool AND Selenium is Open source tool, download it configure it and enjoy.