Published August 03, 2014 by

Responsibilities of an ETL tester

Responsibilities of an ETL tester

Key responsibilities of an ETL tester are segregated into three categories
  • Stage table/ SFS or MFS
  • Business transformation logic applied
  • Target table loading from stage file or table after applying atransformation. 
Some of the responsibilities of an ETL tester are
  • Test ETL software
  • Test components of  ETL datawarehouse
  • Execute backend data-driven test
  • Create, design and execute test cases, test plans and test harness
  • Identify the problem and provide solutions for potential issues
  • Approve requirements and design specifications
  • Data transfers and Test flat file
  • Writing SQL queries3 for various scenarios like count test

ETL Performance Testing and Tuning

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Published August 03, 2014 by

Best Practices for ETL Testing

Best Practices for ETL Testing

  1. Make sure data is transformed correctly
  2.  Without any data loss and truncation projected data should be loaded into the data warehouse
  3.  Ensure that ETL application appropriately rejects and replaces with default values and reports invalid data
  4.  Need to ensure that the data loaded in data warehouse within prescribed and expected time frames to confirm scalability and performance
  5.  All methods should have appropriate unit tests regardless of visibility
  6. To measure their effectiveness all unit tests should use appropriate coverage techniques
  7. Strive for one assertion per test case
  8.  Create unit tests that target exceptions























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Published August 03, 2014 by

Difference between Database testing and ETL testing



ETL Testing
                          Data Base Testing
Verifies whether data is moved as expected
The primary goal is to check if the data is following the rules/ standards defined in the Data Model
Verifies whether counts in the source and target are matching
Verifies whether the data transformed is as per expectation
Verify that there are no orphan records and foreign-primary key relations are maintained
Verifies that the foreign primary key relations are preserved during the ETL
Verifies that there are no redundant tables and database is optimally normalized
Verifies for duplication in loaded data
Verify if data is missing in columns where required


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Published August 03, 2014 by

Types of ETL Bugs





Type of Bugs
Description
User interface bugs/cosmetic bugs
·          Related to GUI of application
·          Font style, font size, colors, alignment, spelling mistakes, navigation and so on
Boundary Value Analysis (BVA) related bug
·         Minimum and maximum values
Equivalence Class Partitioning (ECP) related bug
·          Valid and invalid type
Input/Output bugs
·         Valid values not accepted
·          Invalid values accepted
Calculation bugs
·         Mathematical errors
·         Final output is wrong
Load Condition bugs
·         Does not allows multiple users
·         Does not allows customer expected load
Race Condition bugs
·         System crash & hang
·         System cannot run client platforms
Version control bugs
·         No logo matching
·          No version information available
·         This occurs usually in regression testing
H/W bugs
·         Device is not responding to the application
Help Source bugs
·         Mistakes in help documents

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ETL Test Scenarios and Test Cases

Test Scenario
Test Cases

 
Mapping doc validation
Verify mapping doc whether corresponding ETL information is provided or not.  Change log should maintain in every mapping doc.
Validation
1.      Validate the source and target table structure against corresponding mapping doc.
2.      Source data type and target data type should be same
3.      Length of data types in both source and target should be equal
4.      Verify that data field types and formats are specified  
5.      Source data type length should not less than the target data type length
6.      Validate the name of columns in the table against mapping doc.
Constraint Validation
Ensure the constraints are defined for specific table as expected
Data consistency issues

1.      The data type and length for a particular attribute may vary in files or tables though the semantic definition is the same.
2.      Misuse of integrity constraints
Completeness Issues
1.      Ensure that all expected data is loaded into target table.
2.      Compare record counts between source and target.
3.      Check for any rejected records
4.      Check data should not be truncated in the column of target tables
5.      Check boundary value analysis
6.      Compares unique values of key fields between data loaded to WH and source data
Correctness Issues
1.      Data that is misspelled or inaccurately recorded
2.      Null, non-unique or out of range data
Transformation
Transformation
Data Quality
1.      Number check: Need to number check and validate it
2.      Date Check: They have to follow date format and it should be same across all records
3.      Precision Check
4.      Data check
5.      Null check
Null Validate
Verify the null values, where “Not Null” specified for a specific column.
Duplicate Check
1.      Needs to validate the unique key, primary key and any other column should be unique as per the business requirements are having any duplicate rows
2.      Check if any duplicate values exist in any column which is extracting from multiple columns in source and combining into one column
3.      As per the client requirements, needs to be ensure that no duplicates in combination of multiple columns within target only
Date Validation
Date values are using many areas in ETL development for
1.      To know the row creation date
2.      Identify active records as per the ETL development perspective
3.      Identify active records as per the business requirements perspective
4.      Sometimes based on the date values the updates and inserts are generated.
Complete Data Validation
1.      To validate the complete data set in source and target table minus a query in a best solution
2.      We need to source minus target and target minus source
3.      If minus query returns any value those should be considered as mismatching rows
4.      Needs to matching rows among source and target using intersect statement
5.      The count returned by intersect should match with individual counts of source and target tables
6.      If minus query returns of rows and count intersect is less than source count or target table then we can consider as duplicate rows are existed.
Data Cleanness
Unnecessary columns should be deleted before loading into the staging area.


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Published August 03, 2014 by

How to create ETL Test Case

How to create ETL Test Case

ETL testing is a concept which can be applied to different tools and databases in information management industry.  The objective of ETL testing is to assure that the data that has been loaded from a source to destination after business transformation is accurate.  It also involves the verification of data at various middle stages that are being used between source and destination.
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Published August 03, 2014 by

Types of ETL Testing


Types Of Testing
Testing Process

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ETL Testing Process

ETL Testing Process

Similar to other Testing Process, ETL also go through different phases. The different phases of ETL testing process is as follows
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Published August 03, 2014 by

What is ETL?

What is ETL?

ETL stands for Extract-Transform-Load and it is a process of how data is loaded from the source system to the data warehouse.  Data is extracted from an OLTP database, transformed to match the data warehouse schema and loaded into the data warehouse database.  Many data warehouses also incorporate data from non-OLTP systems such as text files, legacy systems and spreadsheets. 
Let see how it works
For example, there is a retail store which has different departments like sales, marketing, logistics etc.  Each of them is handling the customer information independently, and the way they store that data is quite different. The sales department have stored it by customer’s name, while marketing department by customer id.
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Published August 03, 2014 by

What is BI?

What is BI?

Business Intelligence is the process of collecting raw data or business data and turning it into information that is useful and more meaningful.  The raw data is the records of the daily transaction of an organization such as interactions with customers, administration of finance, and management of employee and so on.  These data’s will be used for “Reporting, Analysis, Data mining, Data quality and Interpretation, Predictive Analysis”.
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