Popular Functional Software Testing Tools

Functional testing is the most commonly performed testing practice. During functional testing, the QA team adopt different methodologies to test the working functionalities of the application and verify whether they are working as intended. In most cases, functional testing targets the application and database layer of the application while most of the presentation layer is tested manually. Functional testing can be conducted manually, but as the application matures and new features are added every passing day such practice becomes extremely tough as well as impractical. And for this reason, different QA teams worldwide rely on one or the other software testing tools to help them with their functional testing. In this post, we would be talking about the top 25 functional software testing tool present in the market.

Software Testing Tools

1. Selenium

Selenium is a free open source tool which you can use to automate your functional tests. Selenium contains two different software testing tools which you can use to create these tests. Using Selenium IDE you can use its record and play feature to create and automate your tests while by using Selenium WebDriver/ Selenium RC, you can create your tests from scratch using C#, Java, Perl, Ruby, Groovy, PHP or Python. Selenium has an enormous user base and can be integrated with other functional software testing tools as well.

2. Coded UI Test

Coded UI Test is a Microsoft product. In order to use this tool, you must have a Visual Studio 2013 virtual machine. You can test the functional and behavioral aspects of the application without the need of excessive coding. It is easy to install and work with and is robust enough to take care of all your functional tests. It is a paid software testing tools and provides different supports to help you solve any issues with the features of the tool.

3. Sahi

Sahi is an open source functional testing tool. It has record and playback feature which allows you to create tests as you perform a different action on the browser, and play it back later to execute these tests. You can even use JavaScript-based scripts to create more advanced test scripts or connect it to CSVs or Excel to perform data driven tests. The tool is easy to use and is perfect for testers with less automation testing expertise. It also has a paid version with a few more helpful features.

4. UFT

Unified Functional Testing is a product by Hewlett Packard, which can be used to create manual, automated and framework based tests all integrated into one IDE. UFT consists of two software testing tools, a GUI testing tool and service test for testing different web services and APIs. All the scripting in UFT is done using Visual Basics and can be done easily without investing a ton of time. The license for UFT is a bit costly and can be used only on Windows systems.

5. Telerik Test Studio

Telerik Test Studio is an extremely user-friendly tool which can be used to take care of all your functional testing tasks. Using this tool you can target functional, exploratory, load as well as performance testing of your applications. It uses VB scripts to create automated tests and supports parallel execution on multiple browsers. While creating scripts you need not worry about locating various web elements as all the locators are stored in the tool itself. It is a paid tool and is easy and allows you to reuse your tests efficiently.

6. IBM Rational Functional Tester

The Rational Functional Tester from IBM is a great tool for performing functional, regression, GUI or data-driven testing. It can be used as an automation tool and also has a defect tracking framework built within. All you need to do is link your test with the design comments and the feature requirements. In this way, you would be able to keep track of your requirements, create quality test cases and execute them from a single location. Creating test scripts is easy with the record feature as it automatically creates scripts in java or VB .NET.

7. SoapUI

It is an open source tool for performing functional,compliance, load, security and API testing. Apart from testing the SoapUI can even be used by developers to inspect, simulate and mock different services of the application. To get your hands on a more advanced set of features of the SoapUI, you can opt for the SoapUI PRO. It creates detailed reports in different formats after test execution and can be worked on in different platforms. You can even integrate SoapUI for continuous integration to schedule test execution and report generation.

8. Borland Silk Test

Borland Silk Test is a testing tool which can be used for functional testing of an application on different browsers and mobile devices. Using it you can increase the effectiveness and efficiency of your application while lowering the project expenses. This tool alone can be used by multiple project entities like developers, testers, and non-technical stakeholders. Data-drivendescriptive tests can be easily created using Borland Silk test which would give clarity as well as let non-technical team members work closely with testers and developers.

9. TestComplete

TestComplete by SmartBear is a great tool for carrying out functional testing in your project. You can use different languages to create scripts, namely Jscript, VBScript, C++, C#, to name a few. Also, you can run your tests on different mobile devices and desktops. You can even integrate it with leading bug tracking tools like Jira and Bugzilla. Creating scripts in TestComplete are pretty straightforward. You can either opt to write tests using scripts or opt for the data-driven test framework.

10. Watir

Watir stands for Web Application Testing in Ruby. It is a free open source tool which can be used to perform functional tests on all types of web applications. Watir has three components, namely Watir classic, WatirWebDriver, and watirspec. While Watir classic is only meant for IE specific functional tests, you can perform tests on all leading web browsers using WatirWebDriver. The WebDriver is a newer version and is based on Selenium. Using this tool you can easily create functional tests which are easy to read and maintain.

11. QA Wizard

QA Wizard is a great tool to perform functional, load and stress testing of web-based applications. The added advantage which is provided by QA Wizard is, you can reuse your automated functional tests to perform load and stress testing. Such reusability of existing scripts helps the QA team to save a lot of time and perform more detailed analysis of the application. It is a paid tool and would cost you $25 per month including any and all annual maintenance services and updates.

12. SauceLabs

SauceLabs is a great functional testing tool which can be used to test your applications on different devices, mobile devices and on different browsers. SauceLabs allows you to test native as well as hybrid applications to ensure complete test coverage across all devices and platforms. You can also create and JavaScript unit tests to lay down the basic tests easily and at a quicker pace. You can integrate it with leading continuous integration tools and generate detailed test report after test execution.

 13. Tricentis Tosca Testsuite

Tosca Testsuite from Tricentis is an effective end-to-end functional testing tool. This tool adapts a model based approach and is perfect for Agile projects where the team has to deal with frequently changing deliverables and short release cycles. Using this tool, you can create highly readable automation scripts which can even be used as manual test cases. Such highly descriptive way of writing functional tests makes this tool perfect for non-technical team members and project stakeholders. This tool can be used for functional testing on mobile as well as desktop applications and can be seamlessly integrated with leading CI software testing tools for continuous delivery.

14. Rapise

Rapise is a fast and flexible functional testing tool for testing web-applications and native applications. Using this tool you can test your desktop and mobile applications. Using its IDE and drag and drop feature you can create different actions for your functional tests and even opt for a data-driven approach. It can also be used to test different APIs. This tool can be used for functional testing in an Agile project and can be availed in cloud version of Amazon web services.

15. Robotium

Robotium is an open source tool used for the functional testing of Android mobile applications. Using Robotium you can test the web, native and hybrid apps on a number of devices. It can also be used for system and user acceptance testing. Scripting in Robotium is similar to Selenium and you can create quality test scripts easily. You can opt to write scripts from scratch or use IDE to create them. Due to its open-source nature, you can easily integrate it with other reporting and CI tool to ease your testing tasks.

16. TestDrive

TestDrive is one of the great software testing tools to perform different types of functional testing across an array of devices and systems. It can be used by testers and developers alike. Using this tool you can create automated tests without writing a single line of code. This allows the tool to be used by manual testers and stakeholders alike. Apart from the ease of coding, the test cases are easy to maintain and creates detailed report online or in pdf format which can be curated or future referencing.

17. TestMaker

TestMaker allows you to target a spectrum of different applications. Using this tool you can perform functional tests on Rich Internet Applications (RIA, using Ajax, Flex, Flash,) Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), web applications and Business Process Management (BPM) applications. TestMaker leverages the concept of reusable scripts and uses a written script to perform functional testing, load as well as stress testing. You have different options while writing scripts and can create Selenium tests, Sahi tests, soapUI tests, and unit tests written in Ruby, Java, Python, and PHP.

18. Oracle Application Testing Suite

This test suite belongs to Oracle Enterprise Manager. Using this amazing suite you can create automated tests which can cover functional and regression tests for web applications, web services, and oracle databases. Using this tool you would be able to create test scripts, also known as OpenScript with the help of an Eclipse-based scripting platform. All you need is basic Java knowledge to enhance or customize these scripts.

19. SmarteScript

This GUI based tool allows users with little or no scripting ability to create and run automated functional tests for the web, mobile, point-of-Sale, Embedded & Mainframe environments. Using SmarteScript’s record and playback feature you can seamlessly create test scripts and test cases at a faster pace while use scripting for advanced features and minor modifications wherever necessary. These software testing tools can help you create self-documenting test suites for almost every major application platforms. This testing tool is apt for testers and business analysts alike.

20. Certify Execution manager

This functional testing tool is all about organizing and grouping your automated test cases in an efficient manner. The Certify Execution Manager helps you to set priority and dependency of your test cases so that you can create robust test suites to run on different test environments. You can even monitor the execution of these tests to check the stability of your application and pin point the impact areas and detect any risky modules at an early stage.

21. Parasoft Jtest

With the help of Parasoft Jtest, you can create much more realistic functional tests with its object repository. It allows you to increase coverage of your code by creating configurable scenarios in JUnit with the help of flexible test case editor. It has over 500 built in java development rules so that test scripts codes are kept clean and require less refactoring from time to time. The software testing tools allow you to prioritize your unit tests and group them in test suites.

22. Canoo WebTest

You can use Canoo WebTest to test the functionality of your web applications by passing data from XML. The data provided from the XML can be consumed and utilized by the underlying scripts to provide data to the test and thus automate different features of the application. The Canoo WebTest is a one of the free software testing tools and provides detailed test result to identify application or automation script issues at the earliest. By using XSLT, you can use the test scripts to create documentation which can later act as a user guide for the application as a whole.

23. Max Q

It is an open source functional testing tool for web application. This tool allows you to perform HTTP test recording, test scripting, and test execution. You can create test scripts in JYTHON and create regression and feature specific tests. It can be easily extended and can also understand cookies. You can run scripts from the command line and make add custom features in the scripts to extend it according to your specific needs and requirements.

24. Marathon

It is a simple open source JAVA/ SWING based tool, meant for the functional testing of GUI based applications. It is simple to use and doesn’t require any prior knowledge of JAVA or SWING to work with. You can use this tool to create acceptance test or end-user tests by scripting in Python or use its simple record & play feature. Marathon allows you to group your tests in test suites and monitor your test executions in the form of detailed and readable reports.

25. Touchtest

Touchtest by Soasta is a functional testing tool for mobile applications. It allows you to perform full functional and regression testing of your mobile applications. It even allows you to create test scripts without the need of coding by using its record and playback feature. Touchtest can also be integrated with leading continuous integration tools so that you can test your mobile applications continuously without the need of any manual intervention.


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